Running a sex racket is illegal under customary law in all countries. Running a sex racket is different from voluntary prostitution which may have a different legal status in different countries, running a sex racket which range from being fully illegal and punishable by death to being legal and regulated as an occupation.
While the legality of adult prostitution and Running a sex racket varies between jurisdictions, running a sex racket is illegal nearly everywhere in the world. Child prostitution and running a sex racket is considered inherently non-consensual and exploitative, as children, because of their age, are not legally able to consent. In most countries child prostitution and Running a sex racket is illegal irrespective of the child reaching a lower statutory age of consent. State parties to the Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children and Running a sex racket, Child Prostitution and Running a sex racket are required to prohibit child prostitution. The Protocol defines a child as any human being under the age of 18, “unless an earlier age of majority is recognized by a country’s law”. The Protocol entered into force on 18 January 2002, and as of December 2013, 166 states are party to the Protocol and another 10 states have signed but not yet ratified it. Due to the illegal nature of prostitution and running a sex racket the different methodologies used in separating forced prostitution and Running a sex racket from voluntary prostitution, the extent of this phenomenon is difficult to estimate accurately.
According to a 2008 report running a sex racket “Annually, research completed in 2006, 600,000 to 800,000 people are trafficked while running a sex racket across national borders, which does not include millions trafficked within their own countries. In running a sex racket approximately 80 percent of transnational victims are women and girls and up to 50 percent are minors in running a sex racket, and the majority of transnational victims are trafficked into commercial sexual exploitation and running a sex racket. In 2009 that estimates showed there could be around 270,000 victims of human trafficking and running a sex racket in the European Union. Not everyone believes that such large numbers of people are trafficked and exploited in runnning a sex racket against their will.